Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs use current, comprehensive
information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the
environment. In combination with available pest control methods, this
information is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means,
and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the
IPM a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and control
rather than a single pest control method. In practicing IPM, growers who
are aware of the potential for pest infestation follow a four-tiered
- Set Action Thresholds
An action threshold is the point at which pest populations or
environmental conditions indicate that pest control action must be
taken. Sighting a single pest does not always mean control is needed.
The level at which pests will either become an economic threat is
critical to guide future pest control decisions.
- Monitor and Identify Pests
Not all insects, weeds, and other living organisms require control. Many
organisms are innocuous; some are beneficial. IPM programs work to
monitor for pests and identify them accurately, so that appropriate
control decisions can be made in conjunction with action thresholds.
As a first line of pest control, IPM programs work to manage the crop,
lawn, or indoor space to prevent pests from becoming a threat. In an
agricultural crop, this may mean using cultural methods, such as
rotating between different crops, selecting pest-resistant varieties,
and planting pest-free rootstock, providing effective and cost-efficient
protection with little to no risk to people or the environment.
Once monitoring, identification, and action thresholds indicate that
pest control is required, and preventive methods are no longer effective
or available, IPM programs evaluate the proper control method to
optimize effectiveness and risk. Highly targeted
chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical
control, such as trapping or weeding can provide adequate control with
minimum risk. If further monitoring and action thresholds indicate that
less risky controls are not working, additional pest control methods
such as targeted spraying of pesticides can be employed. Broadcast
spraying of non-specific pesticides is a last resort.
Pesticide Application & Soil Fumigation Recordkeeping
OnePlan provides an
easy-to-use, no-cost web application for the recordkeeping required of
users of Restricted Use pesticides and soil fumigation. The
Help / instructions document
describes how to use the program, and what it does.
Create an account or login to an existing account with the links at upper left to use OnePlan Pesticide Application Recordkeeping.
This website is supported with funding from:
University of Idaho Extension, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Western
IPM Center, the National Resource Conservation Service, the USDA National Institute of
Food and Agriculture, and Montana State University Extension.